In 2003, the city of Louisville merged with surrounding Jefferson County to become what is sometimes referred to as Louisville Metro. With an estimated population of 621,000, Louisville is the largest city in the state of Kentucky.
From 2011 to 2016, almost every ZIP Code in Louisville experienced fatalities from drug overdoses. Opioid drugs, particularly fentanyl, are largely responsible for these surging rates of drug overdose deaths.
Louisville Addiction Treatment
Addiction treatment should be adapted to meet the unique needs and circumstances of a person’s life. Each patient’s treatment plan will vary and may be determined in part by a clinical assessment performed during admission. This evaluation identifies the severity of the addiction and the treatments or therapies that can best help a person find success.
In Louisville, the continuum of care for addiction treatment is comprised of several services, including:
- Professional intervention services
- Medically supervised detox programs
- Inpatient addiction treatment
- Outpatient addiction treatment
- Aftercare and alumni support services
Louisville Intervention Services
Many families struggle to convince their loved one that they have an addiction and need help. Some people are in denial and don’t believe they need help, while others may simply be overwhelmed and not know where to start.
In addition to organizing and guiding the discussion, Louisville intervention services may help a family get their loved one into treatment in a timely manner. A professional interventionist also helps all parties involved to begin the healing process.
Louisville Drug And Alcohol Detox Programs
Some drugs create strong physical dependencies that can make a person very sick when they go through withdrawal. In certain cases, these symptoms can be dangerous or even deadly. Serious withdrawal symptoms may occur when a person is addicted to alcohol, benzodiazepines or opioid drugs.
A Louisville medical detox program provides targeted medical care that helps a person to safely and more comfortably detox from drugs and alcohol. Medications may be used to reduce or alleviate painful or intolerable withdrawal symptoms.
Louisville Inpatient Addiction Treatment
Inpatient drug rehab programs provide the most intensive form of treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol.
Living on campus helps a person to become completely immersed in their recovery. A residential treatment setting and constant access to highly trained clinicians gives a person the highest measure of support at this critical time.
Each person arrives at treatment carrying their own pains and fears caused by addiction. From psychological damage to physical and social harm, the ways addiction can damage a person are deep and varied.
To offer a full spectrum of individualized care and to facilitate healing, the most effective programs offer individual, group and family therapy sessions. These help a person build important self-care habits, greater self-confidence and improved relationships skills. Paired with dynamic sober-living skills, this personalized attention will help a person build a strong foundation for a drug-free life.
Many people find better success in specialized addiction treatment programs. In Louisville, these options may include:
- Art or music therapy
- Dual diagnosis care for co-occurring mental health disorders
- Faith-based or religious programs
- LGBTQIA+ friendly
- Medication-assisted treatment
- Gender-specific treatment groups
- Pet or equine therapy
- 12-step alternatives
- Wilderness or adventure
Some people may prefer a more traditional approach during treatment that adheres to 12-step principles, such as those taught by Alcoholics Anonymous. On the other hand, a growing number of patients are choosing alternatives to 12-step programs that blend research-based treatments with complementary and alternative medicines.
Louisville Outpatient Addiction Treatment
Outpatient treatment is less intensive than inpatient care. For some, this may not provide the support and accountability they need to beat addiction.
Because of this, outpatient programs may be better options for people who have a mild addiction, who have experienced a minor relapse or who need to step-down from an inpatient treatment program.
Louisville Aftercare And Alumni Services
Returning home and back to a person’s community after treatment can seem like a shock for some people. The challenges of a person’s home life, job or schooling may become overwhelming and expose them to cravings to drink or use drugs again.
Louisville aftercare and alumni support programs can help to guide a person through a newly sober life. Many people continue to involve themselves in these programs long after they graduate as a way of staying centered and focused on their recovery goals.
In Louisville, aftercare and alumni support services may include:
- Alumni mentorship programs
- Anger management classes
- Job-skills training
- Online recovery resources
- Peer support groups
- Self-improvement classes
- Sober living homes
Louisville Addiction Treatment Program Length
Deciding what treatment program to choose can be an intimidating decision, especially when a person is contemplating how long they should go to treatment for.
Treatment in Louisville comes in many lengths, including:
- 30-day programs
- 60-day programs
- 90-day programs
- 120-day programs
- Six-month programs
- Programs lasting a year or more
Not every treatment program offers research-based therapies, or, if they do, they may not offer the exact therapies a person needs to complete their treatment plan. For these reasons, it can sometimes limit a person’s options if they only consider programs that are close to their home.
By widening the scope to include out-of-town and out-of-state drug and alcohol rehab facilities, a person will have a greater number of specialized addiction treatment programs to choose from.
How To Pay For Louisville Addiction Treatment
As the awareness of addiction medicine increases, more options to help a person pay for treatment have become available. For many, one of the biggest resources can be insurance coverage. Many Louisville treatment centers accept major insurance carriers, assistance that may help a person pay for a significant portion of treatment.
Insurance companies offering coverage in the Louisville area may include:
- Aetna Better Health of Kentucky
- Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield Kentucky
People who are underinsured or who have no insurance may still have options beyond private paying, including:
- Help from family and friends
- Medical credit cards
- Personal loans
- Treatment financing options
- Scholarships or grants
- Sliding-scale fees
Substance Use In Louisville
Alcohol Use In Louisville
In 2016, Louisville Metro had an age-adjusted alcohol-induced death rate of 11.2 deaths for every 100,000 people. This was higher than both the state and national rate.
Alcohol use disorders can cause serious illness and disease. Alcohol use and alcohol poisoning may require that a person be hospitalized. From January 2015 to June 2017, every ZIP code in Louisville had alcohol-related hospitalizations. These rates were highest in the west and southwest portions of the Metro area.
Louisville Drug Overdoses
Overdose fatalities have been rising in Louisville since 2011. In 2016, the rate of overdose deaths in Louisville was greater than the state’s rate and more than double that of the nation. In Louisville, there were 43 deaths for every 100,000 residents.
In 2016, Jefferson County had the highest:
- Number of overdose deaths, at 364 fatalities
- Spike in overdose deaths, with a 96 percent increase from 2015, or 96 more lives lost
- Number of heroin-related overdose deaths in the state
- Number of fentanyl-related deaths
- Number of deaths related to a combination of heroin and fentanyl
Louisville Drug-Related Hospitalizations And Emergency Department Visits
The number of overdoses that led to inpatient hospitalizations or emergency department visits in Jefferson County has been on a steady incline since 2014. From 2014 to 2017, the number of overdoses rose from 2,556 to 4,480, a 75 percent increase.
In 2017, treatment for acute drug poisoning was sought for the following drugs:
- Heroin (1,920 people)
- Other drug types (1,581 people)
- Opioids other than heroin (466 people)
- Benzodiazepines (318 people)
- Antidepressants (235 people)
- Cocaine (120 people)
Chemical dependence on the following substances was reported in these hospital visits in 2017:
- Opioids (1,945 people)
- Amphetamines and other psychostimulants (562 people)
- Cocaine (351 people)
- Cannabis (marijuana) (274 people)
- Sedatives, hypnotics or anxiolytics (226 people)
Signs And Symptoms Of Substance Use And Addiction
Once a person moves from occasional episodes of substance use to the frequent and compulsive patterns of addiction, signs will likely become evident.
The biggest changes that occur as addiction develops are the emergence of cravings, tolerance, dependence and withdrawal. But these aren’t the only physical, mental and behavioral changes that could impact a person.
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Every drug affects a person differently, but in general, signs of a substance use disorder could include:
- Becoming dizzy or faint
- Clothes or breath smell odd
- Declining personal hygiene
- Eyes become glazed, bloodshot or struggle to focus
- Excessive energy or loss of energy
- Fast or incoherent speech
- Pupils become abnormally large or small
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
- Putting on or losing weight
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Impaired memory
- Loss of judgement
- Poor focus
- Mood instability
- Slowed thoughts
- Becoming upset when asked about drug use
- Hoarding, stealing or buying pills
- Ignoring close friends and family
- Lying and becoming very private
- Struggling at home, school or work
- Relationship problems
- Risk-taking behaviors
Even though many of these signs may be obvious to friends and family, in many cases the person struggling with substance use cannot admit that they have a problem. Being supportive at this time and during treatment can help a person to be more successful throughout their recovery.
Drug And Alcohol Use In Louisville
Just because alcohol is legal, does not mean it is safe. Alcohol can cause severe dependence, deadly withdrawal or fatal overdose.
In addition to causing addiction, illicit drugs could be cut or laced with other substances, a fact that could increase the potential for dependence and overdose.
- Cocaine (including crack)
- Illicit fentanyl
- Synthetic cannabinoids (“fake weed”)
- Prescription drugs
Many people mistakenly think that medications are safe because they originally come from a prescription. On the contrary, a great number of prescription drugs can cause severe addiction, lead to painful withdrawal and fatal overdose.
- Ativan (lorazepam)
- Klonopin (clonazepam)
- Librium (chlordiazepoxide)
- Restoril (temazepam)
- Valium (diazepam)
- Xanax (alprazolam)
Prescription opioid relievers
- Actiq (fentanyl)
- Duragesic (fentanyl)
- Norco (hydrocodone)
- Vicodin (hydrocodone)
- Dilaudid (hydromorphone)
- Demerol (meperidine)
- Dolophine (methadone)
- Methadose (methadone)
- Duramorph (morphine)
- MS Contin (morphine)
- OxyContin (oxycodone)
- Percocet (oxycodone)
- Opana (oxymorphone)
- Adderall (dextroamphetamine/amphetamine)
- Concerta (methylphenidate)
- Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)
- Ritalin (methylphenidate)
- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)
Choosing treatment through Vertava Health can improve a person’s health and reduce the risk of drug-related dangers and health problems. From detoxification to inpatient services, treatment will be tailored to each person’s individual needs.
Contact Vertava Health today for more information on Louisville addiction treatment.