How The Programs WorkThe IOPs and PHPs differ from traditional rehab in that people who attend these programs aren’t required to stay overnight, or for an extended period of time. Instead, program participants complete treatment during a specified time, on specified days. These programs especially serve as helpful forms of treatment for those leaving rehab who need just a bit more time in a recovery environment. For instance, after completing a stay at drug rehab, a person might “step down” into a partial hospitalization program and again to an intensive outpatient program. A PHP, the program which requires longer hours and more days, may be helpful to someone who has completed drug rehab but who is not quite ready to be finished with treatment. An IOP may be useful for someone who is ready to step down from PHP, who needs long-term management of addiction, or even someone who has relapsed and is hoping to get back on track.
What Happens In IOPs and PHPs?These programs are usually completed in rehab facilities or hospitals. When you participate in an IOP or PHP, you’ll receive care and undergo treatment methods similar to those found in rehabs. Just as with rehab programs, there is no set session length or duration; the amount of time you’ll spend in these programs depends on your individual needs. The goal of IOPs and PHPs is to provide participants with continued access to necessary treatment modalities. These may include group or individual counseling, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and relapse prevention skills. In certain PHPs, participants may undergo medication-assisted therapy, such as Suboxone Therapy, when needed. Depending on the rehab you choose for your program, you may participate in any number of recreational activities or treatment modalities offered in the facility. Some rehabs offer outdoor-based programs, and skill-building activities utilizing the great outdoors. Others may incorporate yoga, stress management techniques, and more. Each program differs from the next. While rehab may be over for you, you can continue treatment principles and working toward your recovery goals when you enter a PHP or IOP.
Addition Treatment Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP)With partial hospitalization programs, you’ll spend a great deal of time in the program each day, with treatment occupying a good amount of your day. For example, some programs are in session 8 a.m. to 3 p.m., Monday through Friday. You’ll attend therapy and counseling at the facility, and also take part in activities and meals there. The only thing you won’t do is stay overnight or for a full day. Some PHP’s can be as short as four hours per session, while others may range up to eight hours. As Medicare.gov explains, a PHP is “more intense than the care you can get in a doctor’s or therapist’s office.” In other words, you get the care of a rehab facility but begin (or have already begun) integrating back to your daily routine. PHP’s help you keep on track with recovery goals and continue principles gained in treatment.
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- Medication-assisted therapy: even if you complete rehab, you may need to continue medication for a time
- Group and individual therapy: each has its benefits, but group therapy allows you to connect in a safe, welcoming environment while learning from the experiences of others. Individual therapy allows you to process your progress and any relapses and focus on solutions.
- Family resources and education: much like in rehab, family therapy, and continued education can be essential to helping your recovery success
- Outdoor-based programs: which teach skill-building and support a strong sense of self
- Holistic therapies for addiction
- Access to many of the treatment modalities utilized during rehab for a continued dedication to recovery principles
Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOP)Substance abuse intensive outpatient programs, like PHPs, are intended for people who don’t need medically supervised detoxification or round-the-clock care. As previously mentioned, IOP’s may be right for people as the next step after rehab and a PHP. An IOP may be shorter than a PHP, lasting just a few hours and only a couple of days a week. Yet for someone recovering from addiction, this can be the difference between staying on the path of recovery and falling back into behaviors that foster addiction. Many of these programs strongly encourage participation in a 12-step program, as they have helped many people stay on the path of sobriety for decades. You may be back to your normal, daily activities of work, school, or family life, but the pull of addiction can still be a threat. Intensive outpatient programs allow you to continue treatment principles when you’re confident enough to begin your new, substance-free life but still need the principles of treatment to help you stay on track. The following are some ways intensive outpatient programs may help you in your recovery efforts:
- Offering you the next “step-down” after rehab or a PHP
- Networking: having a strong support group is important to recovery success, and IOPs may provide the small, safe environment you need for your continued efforts
- Teamwork: continual support from staff and peers
- Providing evidence-based treatment modalities that work for you, similar to those found in rehab
- Aftercare Support: helping you to figure out where to go in your recovery journey once finished with the program